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The Global Challenge of Peace1919 as a Contested Threshold to a New World Order$
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Matt Perry

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781800857193

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781800857193.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

The ‘Soviet Ark’ in Context

The ‘Soviet Ark’ in Context

The Buford and the Anti-Radicalism of 1919

(p.181) 10 The ‘Soviet Ark’ in Context
The Global Challenge of Peace

Daniel J. Rooney

Jeffrey A. Johnson

Liverpool University Press

In December 1919 the U.S. government, in the wake of the famed mail bombings (including to Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer) and the earlier Seattle General Strike, took a dramatic step. As a part of the broader anti-radical campaign under the Espionage and Sedition Acts, 249 known leftists and many Russians swept up in the famed Palmer Raids - specifically socialists and anarchists - boarded the Buford and set sail for Europe. Among the passengers were notable radicals like Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman. This work by the Departments of Justice and Labor stands is an important, though underexplored, physical act and moment that institutionalized the first American “Red Scare,” and revealed the broader tensions surrounding “loyalty,” the immigrant population, and anti-radicalism.

Keywords:   Red scare, Deportation, Family separation, Palmer Raids, Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman

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