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The Global Challenge of Peace1919 as a Contested Threshold to a New World Order$

Matt Perry

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781800857193

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781800857193.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use. Subscriber: null; date: 29 June 2022

(p.295) Index

(p.295) Index

Source:
The Global Challenge of Peace
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
Abyssinia 14
Addams, Jane 115, 123–25
Adler, Friedrich 163, 171, 175, 177
Adler, Victor 103, 255
Afghanistan 3
Algeria 68, 70–71
Amalgamated Society of Engineers (ASE) 41
American Civil Liberties’ Union (ACLU) 195
American Civil War 24, 25, 31
American Women’s Committee (AWC) 185, 188, 190, 192–93, 195
Amherst 2
Amritsar (Jallianwala Bagh) massacre 2, 36, 83, 95, 105, 107
anarchism 68, 182–85, 260
anti-racism 108, 126
anti-Semitism
Arab nationalism 3, 6, 58, 95
Arbeiter-Zeitung 165, 169, 171, 175–76
Archangel mutiny 57–58, 62–66, 69–70
Arditi 203, 211
Argentina 2
Association pour la Paix par le Droit 134
Austria 161–80
Austrian Communist Party (KPDÖ) 171, 172, 175, 177–78
Austro-Marxism 163–64
Baden, Prince Max von 272, 279, 285, 287
Balfour, Arthur 18, 236, 238
Barcelona 2
Barth, Emil 272, 279–80
Bauer, Otto 165–66, 169, 176
Bavarian revolution 16, 161, 166, 174–75, 177, 272, 292
Belfast 2, 45–46, 150, 152–54
Berkman, Alexander
Berlin Alexanderplatz (1929) 19, 285, 293
Bermondt-Avalov, Pavel
Bettelheim, Ernő 175
Beyond a Boundary 86–90
Bianki, Peter 185
bienno rosso (two red years, 1919–20)
Black Boy 25
Black Sea mutiny 9, 69
Blair, Robert 221
Bloody Friday 40, 43, 45, 48, 54 (p.296)
Bordiga, Amadeo 100, 260
Brathwaite, Aaron 81
Brazil 2
Brest 69
Brest-Litovsk Treaty 164–66, 259–60
British Empire Union (BEU) 149, 152, 155
British Labour Party 89, 99, 101–2, 121–22, 130, 153, 156–57, 225, 263, 265–66
British Seafarers’ Union (BSU) 49–50
British West Indies Regiment (BWIR) mutiny (Taranto) 75, 78–80
British Workers’ League (BWL) 156
Brizon, Pierre 63
Broomielaw 40–41, 43, 50
Brough, Governor Charles 30, 34
Buenos Aires 2
Buford (‘Soviet Ark’) 181–96
Caporetto, battle of 206, 210–11, 257
Cardiff 4, 55, 78
Carr, E. H. 236
Carson, Sir Edward 149–50, 152, 154–55
Case for West Indian Self-Government, The (1933), see C.L.R. James
Casement, Roger 128–29, 135
Chicago 4, 31–34, 141, 185
China 3, 9, 44, 279
Chinese people 44, 50–51, 85, 95
Chinese Revolution 2, 280
Christie, Eva 227
Cipriani, Captain Arthur Andrew 13–14, 75–89
Citizen, The 142
Clemenceau, Georges 64, 67
Clyde Workers’ Committee (CWC) 41–42
Colored Farmers’ Alliance 25
Communist International (Comintern or Third International) 3, 14, 73, 90, 95–96, 99, 177, 266
Connolly, James 99
Conservative and Unionist Party 157
Constantine, Learie 88
Co-operative College 13, 226–28
Co-operative Movement 218
Crawfurd, Helen 121–22
culture of war 1
Curzon, George 18, 236, 238
Czechoslovakia 118, 161
D’Annunzio, Gabriele 17, 199–204, 209–14
Daimler 164
demobilization 2, 6, 17, 39, 40, 42, 44–45, 69, 78, 95, 101, 158–59, 166, 204, 207, 211, 221
Despard, Charlotte 115, 139
Deutsch, Julius 166, 170, 174, 176–77
diciannovismo (‘1919-ism’)
Döblin, Alfred 19, 271, 276–78, 280, 284–85, 291, 293
Dollan, Patrick 42
Dos Passos, John 1
Du Chayla 68–69
DuBois, W. E. B. 10
Duchêne, Gabrielle 115
East Indian National Congress and East Indian National Association 83
East London Federation of Suffragettes (ELFS) 98 (p.297)
Easter Rising of 1916 99, 131, 134, 140, 153
Ebert, Friedrich 271–72, 274, 280, 289–91
Egypt 3, 9, 36, 78, 151, 204, 227
Eisner, Kurt 272, 283, 286, 292
Eliane massacre 23–39
Ellis Island 181, 186, 188–90, 192–93, 196
Eurocentrism 2, 5, 10
European civil war 5
fascism 8–9, 15, 17, 93, 97, 109, 147, 200–2, 212–15, 218
Fawcett, Phillipa 221
feminism 7, 8, 14, 16, 97–98, 102, 109, 117, 125, 131–32, 134–35, 140
Finland 2, 18, 187, 223, 238, 247
Fisher, Victor 157
Fiume 17, 199–215
Fiume, League of 203–4
Forty Hours Movement 13, 39–42, 45–46, 49–50, 53–54
Freikorps 172, 179, 234, 236, 239, 244, 285–86
French Communist Party (PCF) 71, 73
French Section of the Workers’ International (SFIO) 265–67
Galvanauskas, Ernestas 247
Garvey, Marcus 76, 83–84, 87, 90, 104
General Confederation of Labour (CGL) 265
general strikes 2, 3, 12, 18, 33, 43, 45, 46, 48, 79, 82, 90, 164–65, 167, 172, 178, 181, 262–69, 286
Genoi, Rosa 115
Glasgow 2, 39–55, 77–78, 101
Goldman, Emma 17, 181, 187, 192
Gramsci, Antonio 7, 14, 100–2, 109, 205, 214, 253
Grazioli, General Francesco Saverio 201
Great Steel Strike (US) 2, 12, 32
Great Syrian revolt 70
Greenwood, Arthur 220
Groener, Wilhelm 273–74, 287, 289, 291
Grundonnerstag putsch 175
Guichen mutiny 72
Habsburg dynasty 16, 164, 167, 169
Hadj, Messali 9
Headley, David 76
Heymann, Lida Gustava 114
Highway, The 219, 230–31
Hill, Robert 27, 28, 33
Hohenzollern dynasty 16
Holyoake, George Jacob 218
Horthy, Admiral 178
Host-Venturi, Nino 202
humanitarianism 8, 256
Hungarian revolution, see Hungary
Hunt, Ida Gibbs 123
Il Popolo d’Italia 206
imperialism 6–7, 10–11, 60, 71, 89, 93, 96, 105, 108, 117, 150–51, 159, 170, 204
Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism 11, 96 (p.298)
India 3, 4, 9, 36, 47, 95, 98, 99, 104–5, 108, 117, 151, 238
Industrial Workers’ of the World (the ‘Wobblies’, IWW) 1, 34
influenza pandemic (‘Spanish flu’) 3–4
Inter-Allied Suffragists 114–15
International African Service Bureau (IASB) 90
International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship 120
International Congress of Working Women 7, 118
International Council of Women 8, 120, 123, 133
International Labour Organization 118–19
International Women’s Suffrage Alliance 8, 120
Ireland 3, 15, 16, 36, 127–44, 145–60
Irish Transport & General Workers’ Union (ITGWU) 151
Italian Socialist Party (PSI) 257–65
Italy 8, 14, 24, 36, 55, 75, 199–216, 253–270
James, C. L. R., 13–14, 75–91
Japan 11, 58, 94
Jewish people 9, 11, 60–61, 133, 184, 282
Joseph, Archduke 167
Judaeo-Bolshevism (or Judaeo-communism) 9, 12
Károlyi, Mihály 162, 167, 170
Keenan, Austin Henry 235, 244
Kiel and Wilhelmshaven mutiny 57, 272, 279
Klemperer, Victor 275, 281–83, 285–86
Kolchak, Admiral 239
Kollontai, Alexandra 4
Korea 3, 36
Kraków 164, 167
Krim, Abdel 70
Kun, Béla 170, 178
La Vague 63, 66
LaFollette, Bob 34
Lammasch, Heinrich 161, 168
Land League 131
League of Nations 2, 11, 15, 94, 107, 111–12, 115–17, 120–21, 126, 133, 135–36, 141, 203, 221, 259
Left-Wing Communism: An Infantile Disorder 102, 261
Liebknecht, Karl 272, 278, 280–81, 284, 287
Lithuania 18, 233–49
Lithuania–Polish War 18, 234, 237, 239, 241, 245
Liverpool 4, 45
London County Council 17, 219, 221
Lord Protector, Class Legislation (1920), 85
loyalism 153
Ludlow massacre (1914) 37
Luxemburg, Rosa 272, 278–81, 284
MacDonald, Ramsay 266
Macmillan, Chrystal 115
Mangin, General 61, 71–72
Mansbridge, Albert 220
Markievicz, Constance 137
Marshall, Catherine 111 (p.299)
Marty, André 58, 61–62, 71
Marxism 14, 76, 90, 96, 176, 267
Mazzini, Giuseppe 218
McKay, Claude 14, 93–95, 103–8
Mélin, Jeanne 114
Memphis 31, 33
metalworkers 2, 6
Mexican revolution 2, 9
Milner, Lord 157
miners 2, 37, 77, 101, 172
Minh, Ho Chi 9
Ministry of Reconstruction 17, 220
Morel, E. D. 10, 105–6, 124
Morocco 3, 70
Morton, D. S. 39–40, 46
Müller, Richard 272, 280–81, 285, 290, 292
Munich 172, 175, 280, 282–83, 285, 292
Munitions Act (1915) 41
Murmansk 58, 62, 64
Mussolini, Benito 8, 206, 212, 214, 218
mutinies 2, 3, 9, 12, 13, 18, 55, 57–73, 75, 78–80, 166–67, 275, 279
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 103
National Council of Labour Colleges 17
National Democratic and Labour Party 15–16, 156–58
National Sailors’ and Firemen’s Union (NSFU) 50–51
Negro World 84
Nencini, Riccardo 200
Nitti 211–12, 268
Noske, Gustav 271–72, 274, 279–80, 291
Noulens, Joseph 63
oil 1, 77, 82–83
Omaha 31–32
Orange Order 150, 155
Orlando 206, 210–11
Ottoman Empire 1, 58
Padmore, George (Malcolm Nurse) 90
Palmer, A. Mitchell (Palmer raids) 16, 181
pan-Africanism 6, 76, 84, 90, 95–96, 99, 123
Pankhurst, Sylvia 93–110
Paris Peace Treaty 1, 2, 8, 11, 14, 23, 59, 111, 115–16, 126, 128–30, 138, 141, 201, 232, 235, 264, 265
Parsons, Lady Katharine 223
Peru 2
Plzeň (Pilsen) 165
Popular Party 199, 203, 211, 214
Prague 165–67
Primrose League 149, 150
Prison Notebooks 102
Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America (PFHUA) 27–29, 33
Puech, Jules 131, 134–35
Puech, Marie-Louise 113, 127–42
race riot 4, 11–12, 32, 34, 36, 39, 41, 48–49, 95
racialization 1, 6, 12–13, 32, 37, 40–45, 50–53, 61, 66, 68, 72
racism 6, 14, 26, 45, 50–52, 54, 59, 67, 75–76, 78, 96, 105, 107, 125, 212
Radek, Karl 177
Raffin-Dugens, Jean 63
Ragaz, Clara 114
rail workers 2, 28, 78, 172
reconstruction (USA), 24, 25, 35
Red Clydeside 12, 36–56 (p.300)
Red Scare 1, 16–17, 33, 181–82, 184, 187
Red Summer (USA, 1919), see race riots
Regency of Carnaro 203
Reichstag 163, 174
Renner, Karl 163–64, 168–69, 172
Representation of the People Act 150
Restoration of Pre-War Practices Act (1919) 223
Rhineland 11, 124
Riga 236
Rijeka (see also Fiume) 199, 203
Romanov dynasty 16
Roy, M. N. 9
Ruskin College 17, 219, 222, 225, 227–28
Russian Civil War 18, 35, 61, 234, 238, 242, 265, 270
Russian Revolution 2, 33, 59, 73, 77, 84, 95–96, 99, 119, 163, 183, 206, 233, 266, 273
Sainte Croix, Avril de 113
Scheidemann, Philipp 262, 271–74, 279–80, 284, 289
Scottish Trades Union Congress (STUC) 41–42
Seattle 2, 33, 181
Seitz, Karl 171
Senegalese Riflemen 66–67, 70–72
Senghor, Léopold 9
Serrati, Giacinto Menotti 257, 264, 266, 268
Servizio ‘P’ 206–7
sharecropping 12, 24–29, 33, 35–36, 204
Sheehy-Skeffington, Hanna 127–42
Shinwell, ‘Manny’ 13, 42, 49–50
slavery 6, 32, 35, 36, 68, 90, 267
Smith, Arthur L. 220
Snowden, Ethel 121–22
Social Darwinism 59
Social Democratic Workers’ Party (SDAP) 163, 165, 177
South Shields 4, 45, 51
Spartacists 272, 281–83, 285–86
Stürgkh, Count Karl von 163
Swanwick, Helena 112, 116, 124
syndicalism 2, 55, 202–3
Tallents, Colonel Stephen 237–43, 246
Tawney, R. H. 220
Terrell, Mary Church 123–25
Thang, Ton Duc 9
Thibert, Marguerite 134
Tillon, Charles 72
Todd, Helen 185, 188–89, 191, 193
Togliatti, Palmiro 100
Toulon 69
Tours, Congress of 13
Trieste 164, 200, 202
Trinidad Workingmen’s Association (TWA) 75–78, 80–85, 88–90
Trump, President 194
Turati, Filippo 255, 256, 258, 260–62, 264–66, 268
Ulster Unionist Labour Association (UULA) 152–57
Union française pour le suffrage des femmes 113
Union of Russian Workers 182, 185, 188, 193
United British Oil Company 77, 83
United British West Indies Petroleum Syndicate 83
United States of America 1, 2, 4, 12, 90, 99, 139, 140, 213, 239, 256 (p.301)
Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) 84
Uruguay 2
Valéry, Paul 145
Versailles, see Paris Peace Treaty
Vienna 16, 161–78
Vilnius 241
Vittorio Veneto 210
Volkswehr 16, 161, 170, 173–77, 179
Volta-Bani 10
Von der Goltz, General Rudiger 18, 236, 238, 244, 248
Ware, Ed 29–30
Washington, DC 31–32, 34, 194–95
Watson, Herbert Grant 235–38, 240–41, 245–47
Weber, Max 288–89, 292–93
Weed, Helen Hill 192–94
Weinberger, Harry 181, 192
Wels, Otto 178
Wiener Neustadt 164–65
Wilkinson, Ellen 122
Willis, Irene Cooper 116
Wilson, Havelock 51
Wilson, W. B. 185, 188–89, 191–92
Wilson, Woodrow 1, 3, 9, 10, 15, 17, 18, 51, 58, 117, 137, 138, 184, 204, 206–8, 210, 217–18, 253–59, 261–66, 268–69, 272, 239, 286
Winnipeg 2
Witt-Schlumberger, Marguerite de 113
women 2, 4, 8, 11, 12, 14–15, 17, 27, 29, 41, 55, 70, 73, 91–144
Women’s Charter 116, 118–20, 126
Women’s Co-operative Guild 113
Women’s Dreadnought, The 14
Women’s Engineering Society (WES) 223
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) 14–15, 111–25, 130
Women’s Peace Crusade 113
Wooton, Charles 49
Workers’ and Soldiers’ Councils 272, 276, 278, 280–82, 286
Workers’ Dreadnought, The 14, 93–108
Workers’ Educational Association (WEA) 217–20, 225–26, 228, 230–31
Workers’ Socialist Federation 99
Wright, Richard 25
Yeats, W. B. 145
Zimmerwald 63, 255, 256, 266