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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 11Focusing on Aspects and Experiences of Religion$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774051

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774051.001.0001

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The Progressive Synagogue in Lwów

The Progressive Synagogue in Lwów

Chapter:
(p.127) The Progressive Synagogue in Lwów
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 11
Author(s):

Julian J. Bussgang

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774051.003.0010

This chapter assesses the Progressive synagogue in Lwów. At the time of the founding of the Progressive synagogue, Lwów had the largest Jewish population of all the cities in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, including Vienna. After the death of the Orthodox rabbi Jacob Ornstein, leadership of the Jewish community was taken over by Progressive Jews, primarily professionals, academics, businessmen, bankers, and industrialists. From then on, the non-Zionists and non-Orthodox held a majority in the kahal, the Jewish communal council. While they served the entire Jewish community, which included a large Orthodox and Yiddish-speaking population, many of these leaders spoke primarily Polish and German. Although culturally Jewish, they were seldom talmudic scholars or noted for their strong religious belief. The Orthodox, however, continued to be represented on the various committees.

Keywords:   Progressive synagogue, Lwów, Jewish population, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Jewish community, Progressive Jews, kahal, Jewish communal council

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