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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 11Focusing on Aspects and Experiences of Religion$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774051

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774051.001.0001

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Felicja Karay Death Comes in Yellow: Skarżysko-Kamienna Slave Labour Camp

Felicja Karay Death Comes in Yellow: Skarżysko-Kamienna Slave Labour Camp

Translated from Hebrew by Sara Kitai (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1996); pp. xix 1273

Felicja Karay Death Comes in Yellow: Skarżysko-Kamienna Slave Labour Camp
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 11

Frank Bialystok

Liverpool University Press

This chapter addresses Felicja Karay's study of the slave labour camp at Skarżysko-Kamienna. The study provides an insight into the internal relations of a camp that is unique in the field of Holocaust scholarship. It reveals how private industry profited from the slave labour of Jews while manipulating competing agencies in the Reich. Karay describes the collaboration between industry and government in which Jewish labour became indispensable in the war effort. In time, the Hugo Schneider Aktiengesellschaft (Hasag) was producing one-third of the munitions used on the eastern front, thereby meeting the needs of the Wehrmacht, the GG administration, and Albert Speer's ministry of armaments. Jewish labour was also used for political and economic reasons. Jewish workers could be more easily manipulated than local Poles, Volksdeutsche, or Ukrainians; moreover, they were given far fewer resources than these other groups: they were not even paid. Thus, Jews came to replace Poles as workers in the course of the war.

Keywords:   Felicja Karay, slave labour camp, Skarżysko-Kamienna, Holocaust scholarship, private industry, Jewish labour, Hugo Schneider Aktiengesellschaft, Jewish workers

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