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Athens in JerusalemClassical Antiquity and Hellenism in the Making of the Modern Secular Jew$
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Yaacov Shavit

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774259

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 16 June 2021

Waking the Dead—Greece as an Ideal and an Exemplar

Waking the Dead—Greece as an Ideal and an Exemplar

Chapter:
(p.21) 1 Waking the Dead—Greece as an Ideal and an Exemplar
Source:
Athens in Jerusalem
Author(s):

Yaacov Shavit

, Chaya Naor, Niki Werner
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.003.0002

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of Hellenomania, or Greekomania, as it occurred within Western European culture. The imaginary Greece and Greeks were Europe’s longed-for image, with which it conducted a profound, fervent, incisive, and ramified discourse. Primarily, ‘Greece’ signifies the intense desire to seek the origin and paradigm of a perfect and complete secular world. Its creation was the result of a poignant yearning that grew out of the recognition of a lack, and out of an aspiration for redemption. The ideal of ancient Greece was a central part of the different ideological, political, and aesthetic streams and sub-streams which were active in the spirit of Europe of the time. It was not only the philosophical heritage of classical antiquity that inspired the intellectual life of Europe; it was classical antiquity whole and entire, as a living entity. Different cultural and social trends gazed at the Greek mirror in order to understand their nature and essence, to be inspired, to seek a model, whether positive or negative. The image of Greece was thus interwoven into the ideological reactions and responses to industrialization, nationalism, mass society, and secularization.

Keywords:   Greece, ancient Greece, classical antiquity, Hellenomania, Greekomania, secularization, Europe, Greek model

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