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Athens in JerusalemClassical Antiquity and Hellenism in the Making of the Modern Secular Jew$
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Yaacov Shavit

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774259

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.001.0001

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Hellenism and Hebraism: The Two Poles of the World

Hellenism and Hebraism: The Two Poles of the World

(p.40) 2 Hellenism and Hebraism: The Two Poles of the World
Athens in Jerusalem

Yaacov Shavit

, Chaya Naor, Niki Werner
Liverpool University Press

This chapter considers what makes Hellenism and Hebraism conceptual twins. It questions why the various uses made of the Greek historical-cultural model or the conflict between it and Christianity failed to suffice. Furthermore, the chapter seeks to address why it was also necessary to place the Greek ideal in opposition to Hebraism (Judaism). To answer this question, the chapter first briefly describes the appearance of the pattern of antinomy, its repertoire, and their reception. It discusses multiple figures of the early modern era and how they engaged with the Greek model. The chapter also explores the struggle between paganism and Christianity and between these two and Judaism.

Keywords:   Hellenism, Hebraism, Judaism, Christianity, Heinrich Heine, Friedrich Nietzsche, Heinrich Graetz

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