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Athens in JerusalemClassical Antiquity and Hellenism in the Making of the Modern Secular Jew$
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Yaacov Shavit

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774259

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

The Moral Dimension: Commonality and Particularity

The Moral Dimension: Commonality and Particularity

Chapter:
(p.155) 6 The Moral Dimension: Commonality and Particularity
Source:
Athens in Jerusalem
Author(s):

Yaacov Shavit

, Chaya Naor, Niki Werner
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.003.0007

This chapter emphasizes that it was the ethical (moral) basis of Judaism that was now seen as separating Jews from non-Jews. Moreover, it stresses that the Greek mirror played an important role in shaping the image of Jewish morality. Greek morality (or better non-morality) was perceived as antinomical to Judaism; even when Jewish writers were ready to agree that Greek ethics did exist, they found them fundamentally different from (and inferior to) Jewish ethics. The chapter thus demonstrates that Greeks and Jews alike distinguished between themselves and other nations on a moral basis. Some Greek writers believed that Greek ethics was what separated the Hellenes from the barbarians. The dominant view in Jewish tradition was similar, and also stressed the deep chasm between the moral behaviour of Jews and that of Gentiles.

Keywords:   morality, morals, ethics, Jewish morality, Greek morality, non-morality, Jewish ethics, moral behaviour

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