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Athens in JerusalemClassical Antiquity and Hellenism in the Making of the Modern Secular Jew$
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Yaacov Shavit

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774259

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022

The Children of Japheth (Aryans) and the Children of Shem (Semites): Race and Innate Nationalism

The Children of Japheth (Aryans) and the Children of Shem (Semites): Race and Innate Nationalism

(p.381) 13 The Children of Japheth (Aryans) and the Children of Shem (Semites): Race and Innate Nationalism
Athens in Jerusalem

Yaacov Shavit

, Chaya Naor, Niki Werner
Liverpool University Press

This chapter considers what the Jewish people are and how they have come to their own identity and history following the new historical consciousness. In the nineteenth century, race became vitally important, and an ethnocentric dogma based on a naturally determined biology became widespread in Europe. As a result, any ethnic elements that could be uncovered in the Jewish literary tradition were intensified. From a Western point of view, the antinomy between Jews and Europeans was also based on a racial division. This racial division became, in the course of the nineteenth century, a standard fixture of the intelligent and educated Jew. In this manner, nation was associated with race in the Jewish conceptual world. Race was perceived as being parallel to nation, or as endowing the nation with greater immanent historical depth.

Keywords:   Jewish people, racial divisions, ethnic stereotypes, nationhood, national identity, race, nationalism

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