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Between the Yeshiva World and Modern OrthodoxyThe Life and Works of Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg, 1884-1966$
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Marc B. Shapiro

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774525

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774525.001.0001

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The Nazi Era (1933–1945)

The Nazi Era (1933–1945)

Chapter:
(p.135) Six The Nazi Era (1933–1945)
Source:
Between the Yeshiva World and Modern Orthodoxy
Author(s):

Marc B. Shapiro

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774525.003.0006

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg and the rest of the German Jewry during the Nazi regime. Aside from the political challenges in Nazi Germany, there were many pressing religious issues brought on by the policies of the regime. It was in this area that Weinberg assumed a prominent role. The chapter thus embarks on a few of the halakhic issues with which he had to deal, to illustrate the difficult circumstances in which Orthodox Jews found themselves. Despite these challenges, however, the chapter also shows that Weinberg and the Berlin Rabbinical Seminary experienced a rather productive period, as the seminary became the focus of German Jews' social, cultural, and intellectual engagement — and all this was accomplished without government interference. The chapter also describes the decline of the Torah im Derekh Eretz ideal among the younger generations, despite Weinberg's attempts to defend it. To conclude, the chapter closes with the events of the Kristallnacht and the closure of the seminary despite Weinberg's persistently optimistic views regarding the Nazis' treatment of the Jews.

Keywords:   Nazi Germany, halakhic issues, Orthodox Jews, Torah im Derekh Eretz, Berlin Rabbinical Seminary, Kristallnacht, Jewish persecution, German Jews, Nazi policies, Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg

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