This chapter highlights Reform Judaism that began in nineteenth-century Germany. It mentions the three most prominent Reform thinkers: Zacharias Frankel, Abraham Geiger, and Samuel Holdheim. Frankel, originally a Reformer like the Geiger and Holdheim, eventually gave up the classical Reform position and is rightly regarded as the forerunner of Conservative Judaism, which appealed to people with no desire to abandon traditional Judaism and found the views of both Geiger and Holdheim far too extreme. Reform Jews certainly have a modern mind. Their intellectual integrity in facing up to the challenge of modernity is apparent. Their refusal to accept untenable theories about the history of Judaism is only to be admired.
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