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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 12Focusing on Galicia: Jews, Poles and Ukrainians 1772-1918$
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Israel Bartal and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774594

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774594.001.0001

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The Consequences of Galician Autonomy after 1867

The Consequences of Galician Autonomy after 1867

(p.86) The Consequences of Galician Autonomy after 1867
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 12

Józef Buszko

, Jolanta Goldstein
Liverpool University Press

This chapter explains how the balance of power in Galicia shifted after it achieved autonomy. Galicia received autonomy within the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1867, the same year the constitution was passed. The autonomy resulted from an agreement between two parties: the imperial government in Vienna and the Poles as represented by the major Galician landowners. In the constitutional era that followed, Galicia's Polish population enjoyed certain special rights. However, the Ukrainian and Jewish populations together counterbalanced the Polish. With such close numbers of Ukrainians and Poles, it is clear that the Jews with their 575,000, whether they wished to or not, determined the balance of power, resulting in a Jewish political role and in general political consequences that are not to be underestimated.

Keywords:   Galicia, Galician autonomy, political consequences, Jewish political role, constitutional era

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