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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13Focusing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath$
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Antony Polonsky and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774600

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774600.001.0001

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Early Swedish Information about the Nazis’ Mass Murder of the Jews

Early Swedish Information about the Nazis’ Mass Murder of the Jews

(p.113) Early Swedish Information about the Nazis’ Mass Murder of the Jews
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13

Józef Lewandowski

Gwido Zlatkes

Liverpool University Press

This chapter evaluates when and how the outside world came to know about the Nazi genocide during the Second World War. In Sweden, there has been considerable public and private debate on this question centred on a document from August of 1942, known as the Vendel Report, which contains a description of the situation in Germany and in German-occupied Poland. Karl Yngve Vendel, a 45-year-old officer of the Swedish consular corps, was transferred in January of 1940 from Holland and appointed as consul in Stettin. Vendel's principal assignment was to gather intelligence. Sweden feared German aggression, a justified fear, for only several months later Germany was to attack Denmark and Norway and conquer them easily. Vendel's account was one of the first revelations of the scale of the Nazi genocide to be sent to the West.

Keywords:   Nazi genocide, Second World War, Sweden, Vendel Report, Germany, German-occupied Poland, Karl Yngve Vendel, German aggression

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