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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13Focusing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath$
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Antony Polonsky and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774600

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774600.001.0001

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Polish Jews during and after the Kielce Pogrom: Reports from the Communist Archives

Polish Jews during and after the Kielce Pogrom: Reports from the Communist Archives

Chapter:
(p.253) Polish Jews during and after the Kielce Pogrom: Reports from the Communist Archives
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13
Author(s):

Joanna Michlic-coren

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774600.003.0019

This chapter examines the Kielce pogrom. On July 4, 1946, the most horrifying outbreak of anti-Jewish violence in post-war Poland took place in Kielce. On that day, ordinary citizens of this central Polish town, together with soldiers and militiamen, murdered forty Polish Jews and injured more than a hundred. This was not an isolated act of anti-Jewish violence in this early post-war period, but one of many such events which took place between 1945 and 1947. Nevertheless, it was striking because of its dimensions, because of the brutality with which it was accompanied, and because of the participation of local forces representing the new communist authority. The Kielce pogrom was the most powerful indicator that Jews were not to be welcomed to restore their lives among the ethnic Polish population. The chapter then assesses the extent to which anti-Jewish attitudes were prevalent among Polish society during and after the Kielce pogrom.

Keywords:   Kielce pogrom, anti-Jewish violence, post-war Poland, Polish Jews, communist authority, Jews, ethnic Polish population, anti-Jewish attitudes, Polish society

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