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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14Focusing on Jews in the Polish Borderlands$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774693

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774693.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2021

The Rabbinical Schools as Institutions of Socialization in Tsarist Russia, 1847–1873

The Rabbinical Schools as Institutions of Socialization in Tsarist Russia, 1847–1873

(p.83) The Rabbinical Schools as Institutions of Socialization in Tsarist Russia, 1847–1873
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14

Verena Dohrn

Liverpool University Press

This chapter shows that between 1847 and 1873, the rabbinical schools of Vilna and Zhitomir were not merely educational institutions; their general role in promoting reform and their specific status as boarding schools made them vehicles of socialization as well. School regulations and the conduct and self-awareness of pupils and teachers — as well as the public's fear of contact and its suspicion of these institutions — marked off the schools from the traditional Jewish world around them. The schools developed their own atmosphere, which left a lasting impression on the pupils. The chapter attempts to show how the special character of these institutions evolved during the period in which they emerged and developed. Their character was expressed by the rabbinical schools' living quarters, with well-furnished and well-equipped rooms, by the appearance of pupils and teachers, by school regulations (especially the system of supervision), and by the conduct of the headmasters, teachers, supervisors, and pupils.

Keywords:   rabbinical schools, Vilna, Zhitomir, socialization, school regulations, educational institutions, boarding schools, reform, tsarist Russia

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