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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14Focusing on Jews in the Polish Borderlands$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774693

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774693.001.0001

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Three Documents on Anti-Jewish Violence in the Eastern Kresy during the Polish–Soviet Conflict

Three Documents on Anti-Jewish Violence in the Eastern Kresy during the Polish–Soviet Conflict

Chapter:
(p.116) Three Documents on Anti-Jewish Violence in the Eastern Kresy during the Polish–Soviet Conflict
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14
Author(s):

Sarunas Liekis

Lidia Miliakova

Antony Polonsky

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774693.003.0008

This chapter presents three documents describing the anti-Jewish violence in Lida and in Vilna in April 1919. The documents on Lida come from the collection of the supreme command of the Polish army in the holdings of the Tsentr khraneniia istoriko-dokumentalnykh kollektsii (Moscow Centre for the Preservation of Historical and Document Collections). Lida was a small town about 60 miles south of Vilna, with which it was linked by rail. In 1919, its population was about 5,500, of whom the majority were Jews (67.7 per cent according to the census of 1897). Disputes arose almost immediately after the town was recaptured by Polish forces in April 1919, on the scale and reasons for the anti-Jewish violence which followed the establishment of Polish control. On 18 April 1919, the report of the Polish central headquarters covering the military developments in Lida claimed that ‘the Jewish population assisted the Bolsheviks by shooting Polish troops’.

Keywords:   anti-Jewish violence, Eastern Kresy, Polish–Soviet conflict, Lida, Vilna, Polish army, Polish control

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