This chapter concerns Jedwabne. It first attempts to ‘reconstruct’ the Jedwabne of pre-war times, with its Jewish, Polish, and German inhabitants, and their houses, shops, crafts, markets, and everyday life. The chapter then investigates the memories of the oldest living generation of Polish Catholics. It also takes a look at how their individual memory been shaped by collective memory, including stereotypes and prejudices. The ‘world before the war’ here is explored whether as an arena of conflict or of coexistence. Next, the chapter deals with the tragedy of July 1941. It considers the effects of the tragedy upon the sociocultural memory of the three generations of Polish Catholics living in Jedwabne and how it is expressed in myths, superstitions, omissions, and fables. From there, the chapter considers why and how witnesses choose between testimony and silence. Finally, the chapter examines how the publicity on the matter influenced people’s memory.
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