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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 16Focusing on Jewish Popular Culture and Its Afterlife$
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Michael C. Steinlauf and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774730

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774730.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Collaboration during the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941‒44

Collaboration during the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941‒44

Chapter:
Collaboration during the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941‒44
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 16
Author(s):

Martin Dean

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774730.003.0042

This chapter reviews Martin Dean's book Collaboration during the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and Ukraine, 1941-44. Martin Dean's book is about local police participation in the murder of the Jews in certain regions of Belarus and Ukraine which were part of Russia until 1918, then part of Poland or the Soviet Union until 1939, and then part of the Soviet Union until 1941. He points to the importance of a ‘second wave’ of killings, at least in the parts of the former Soviet Union he addresses. Generally, he notes, the historiography of the Holocaust has focused on the ‘first wave’, which took place in the summer and autumn of 1942. But the great majority of the murders took place later, in 1942 and 1943, as ghettos were systematically cleared. In this deadly ‘second wave’, local Ukrainian and Belarusian police forces played an essential role, primarily in rounding up and hunting down Jews for execution, but also from time to time as gun men. The Germans relied heavily on these policemen to find the Jews since they had the advantage of knowing the intended victims personally.

Keywords:   Martin Dean, local police, Jews, Belarus, Ukraine, Holocaust, Ukrainian police forces, Belarusian police forces

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