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HadassahAmerican Women Zionists and the Rebirth of Israel$
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Mira Katxzburg-Yungman

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774839

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774839.001.0001

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Ideology and Politics in the Early Years of the State of Israel, 1951–1956

Ideology and Politics in the Early Years of the State of Israel, 1951–1956

(p.137) Chapter Seven Ideology and Politics in the Early Years of the State of Israel, 1951–1956

Mira Katzburg-Yungman

Liverpool University Press

This chapter details further developments within the international Jewish community as well as Hadassah's role in these affairs. Despite Hadassah's unrelenting focus on practical work, it could not ignore the questions about the essence of Zionism that arose as a result of the establishment of the State of Israel. In the context of debates over aliyah and ḥalutsiyut, the question arose whether Hadassah was a Zionist organization or an organization of ‘friends of Israel’; the leaders of Hadassah firmly refused to ‘demote’ the organization to the level of ‘friends of Israel’. Another focus of debate between the Zionists in Israel and American Zionists was the concepts of ‘exile’ and ‘diaspora’. In this respect Hadassah, more than the other Zionist organizations in the United States, supported the view that can be defined as affirming the value and authenticity of Jewish life in the diaspora.

Keywords:   Jewish diaspora, Israel, American Zionists, Israeli Zionists, Zionist organizations, friends of Israel, aliyah, ḥalutsiyut, exile

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