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Pride Versus PrejudiceJewish Doctors and Lawyers in England, 1890-1990$
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John Cooper

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9781874774877

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781874774877.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Jews in the Judiciary, 1945‒1990

Jews in the Judiciary, 1945‒1990

Chapter:
(p.369) Fifteen Jews in the Judiciary, 1945‒1990
Source:
Pride Versus Prejudice
Author(s):

John Cooper

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781874774877.003.0016

This chapter examines Jews in the English judiciary from 1945 to 1990. Until the late 1960s, no Jew could become a High Court judge unless he belonged to the Anglo-Jewish elite, which differed little in educational attainments and lifestyle from the rest of the English upper class, even if he was exceptionally able. Starting in 1968, during the last years of Harold Wilson's Labour administration, Lord Chancellor Gerald Gardiner began to appoint Jewish barristers from middle-class backgrounds and of east European family origin to the High Court bench. These men had for the most part been educated in local grammar schools and redbrick universities. This policy was continued both by the Conservative Heath government and by Labour administrations in the 1970s. The chapter then assesses how Jewish these High Court judges were in their personal affiliation.

Keywords:   English judiciary, High Court judges, Jewish High Court judges, Anglo-Jewish elite, Labour administration, Gerald Gardiner, Jewish barristers, High Court bench, east European Jews

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