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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 20Making Holocaust Memory$
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Gabriel N. Finder, Natalia Aleksiun, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113058

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113058.001.0001

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Holocaust Memorialization in Ukraine

Holocaust Memorialization in Ukraine

Chapter:
(p.222) Holocaust Memorialization in Ukraine
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 20
Author(s):

Rebecca Golbert

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781904113058.003.0009

This chapter offers a comparative view of Jewish commemoration in eastern Europe, in this case of survivors in Ukraine. It describes how Ukrainian Jews faced an uphill battle in their efforts to commemorate the devastation of their community during the Holocaust. It also discusses how Jews in Ukraine under the Soviet rule undertook discreet memorial projects when they perceived thaws in the political environment. The chapter refers to how the 1950s witnessed a few individual initiatives by survivors in Ukraine to raise modest memorials to the victims, but in the prevailing climate of fear, many survivors would simply return annually to the site of their community's destruction and hold private ceremonies but erect no monuments. It then examines how Holocaust memorials began to appear in the Ukrainian landscape in the 1960s as Jews across the Soviet Union were holding discreet public commemorations and erecting modest monuments next to mass graves.

Keywords:   Jewish commemoration, eastern Europe, Ukrainian Jews, Ukrainian survivors, Soviet Union, public commemorations, memorials

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