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Haskalah and Hasidism in the Kingdom of PolandA History of Conflict$
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Marcin Wodzinski

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113089

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113089.001.0001

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The Twilight of the Haskalah and the Dawning of Integration

The Twilight of the Haskalah and the Dawning of Integration

(p.154) Five The Twilight of the Haskalah and the Dawning of Integration
Haskalah and Hasidism in the Kingdom of Poland

Marcin Wodziński

, Sarah Cozens, Agnieszka Mirowska
Liverpool University Press

This chapter details how, with the growth of the modernizing camp in the 1850s and the 1860s, a clear division emerged within the camp. Three main groups were already distinguishable by the late 1850s. The first of these groups was made up chiefly of maskilim who wrote mainly in Hebrew, had pro-German cultural tendencies, and rejected the dominant pro-Polish integrationist movement, seeking ideological allies among the Russian or Galician maskilim and the Russian authorities, rather than among the Polish Jewish proponents of modernization. At the other extreme, the representatives of the radical pro-Polish assimilation movement, who strove to obliterate all signs of Jewish separateness, were as far removed from the integrationists as were the offshoots of the Haskalah. The transformation of Jewish modernizing circles in Poland in the second half of the nineteenth century appears to have been mainly a result of the trend towards Polonization already observable among the first generation of maskilim in the Kingdom of Poland. The chapter then considers the growth in the significance of the Polish language to Jewish society and the emergence of Polish patriotism. It also discusses the attitude of the three basic groups — the traditional maskilim, assimilationists, and integrationists — towards hasidism.

Keywords:   maskilim, pro-Polish integrationist movement, modernization, pro-Polish assimilation movement, Haskalah, Polonization, Kingdom of Poland, Polish language, Polish patriotism, hasidism

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