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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113171

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

The Western Allies and the Holocaust

The Western Allies and the Holocaust

(p.300) The Western Allies and the Holocaust
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1

David Engel

Liverpool University Press

This chapter studies the response of the Western Allies to the Holocaust. The response of the United States to the successive stripping of the dignity, freedom, and the lives of six million European Jews has been revealed as one of indifference, and perhaps even of complicity, in what the Nazis termed the ‘Final Solution’ of the Jewish question. Meanwhile, a 1973 study showed the British Government's attitude toward assisting Jewish refugees from Nazi rule between 1933 and 1939 to be ‘comparatively compassionate, even generous’ when contrasted with that of the United States and other countries. Another study detailed, among other things, the manner in which both major Western Allies' thinking on the Jewish question actually served to reinforce each other's unwillingness to respond positively to European Jewry's cries for help. Whatever the case, the notion that many Jews' lives might have been saved, had the two chief Western Allies been especially interested in seeing this happen, appears firmly established by historical investigation.

Keywords:   Western Allies, Holocaust, United States, European Jews, Nazi rule, Final Solution, Jewish question, British Government, Jewish refugees, European Jewry

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