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Dogma in Medieval Jewish ThoughtFrom Maimonides to Abravanel$
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Menachem Kellner

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113218

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113218.001.0001

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Four Minor Figures

Four Minor Figures

(p.196) 9 Four Minor Figures
Dogma in Medieval Jewish Thought

Menachem Kellner

Liverpool University Press

This chapter turns to four contemporaries of Abravanel who also explored the question of dogma in Judaism. Yorn Tov Lippmann Muehlhausen (d. after 1450) is the only medieval Ashkenazi Jew known to have commented on the principles of Judaism. Muehlhausen included two lists of principles in his well-known anti-Christian polemic, Sefer Ha-Niẓẓaḥon. Elijah ben Moses Delmedigo (c.1460–1497) was a philosopher and rabbinic scholar active in Italian renaissance circles. In 1496, he composed his Beḥinat ha-Dat, a work with strongly Averroist overtones dealing with the relationship between religion and philosophy. Delmedigo's countryman, Rabbi David ben Judah Messer Leon (c.1470–1526), is best known as the author of a responsum, Kevod Ḥakhamim. The last figure to deal with the principles of Judaism before the Haskalah was Rabbi Moses ben Joseph Trani (1500–1580), known as the ‘Mabit’), the Safed halakhist. Trani devoted the lion's share of his Bet Elohim to an ethical, homiletical, and philosophical commentary on Maimonides’ thirteen principles.

Keywords:   Yorn Tov Lippmann Muehlhausen, Sefer Ha-Niẓẓaḥon, Elijah ben Moses Delmedigo, Beḥinat ha-Dat, David ben Judah Messer Leon, Kevod Ḥakhamim, Moses ben Joseph Trani, Mabit, Bet Elohim, Moses Maimonides

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