This chapter analyzes questions about divine providence that have puzzled and perplexed not only philosophers and theologians but also the ordinary religious person throughout the ages. It gives insight as to whether God's care is universal or limited to certain kinds of creatures and to why divine providence seems to be arbitrarily distributed such that the righteous or the innocent suffer, whereas the wicked prosper. The general topic of providence is one of those questions where Greek philosophy and biblical religion come into contact, and in some cases confront each other with divergent points of view. In fact, it is an issue that is explicitly discussed in detail in one specific biblical book, the Book of Job, which may be considered to be the most philosophical book of the Bible. This chapter also mentions Plato who confronted an anonymous denier of divine providence by appealing to the perfection of the universe and the benevolence and omniscience of the gods.
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