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GersonidesJudaism within the Limits of Reason$
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Seymour Feldman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113447

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113447.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Humanity and its Destiny

Humanity and its Destiny

(p.172) Eight Humanity and its Destiny

Seymour Feldman

Liverpool University Press

This chapter focuses on the topic of humanity's ultimate felicity, which is another common interest between some Greek philosophers and believers of scriptural religions. It discusses assumptions that a person's mundane existence as a material entity was not the end of the matter; that there had to be something more than a life of material pursuits and satisfaction. This chapter includes Plato's dialogues in Phaedo where he enunciated and argued for the doctrine that the human soul is immortal by virtue of its essential incorporeality and hence incorruptibility. In other dialogues of Plato, the core doctrine of an immortal soul is associated with the ancillary ideas of the pre-existence of the soul and of the transmigration of souls. It talks about how in later Platonism, especially the philosophy of Plotinus, the basic idea of an immortal soul is interpreted in terms of the doctrine of the ascent, or “reversion”, of the human soul to some higher entity, the World Soul, or even to the One, the ultimate reality.

Keywords:   Greek philosophers, scriptural religion, Platonism, Plato, Phaedo, human soul, incorporeality, incorruptibility, transmigration

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