Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity in the Middle Ages: With a New Introduction$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Daniel J. Lasker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113515

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113515.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Incarnation

Incarnation

Chapter:
(p.105) Chapter Five Incarnation
Source:
Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity in the Middle Ages: With a New Introduction
Author(s):

Daniel J. Lasker

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781904113515.003.0005

This chapter examines Jewish philosophical arguments against the Christian doctrine of incarnation. Two main features were apparent in the doctrine that Jesus was both God and man: the first was the soteriological and the second was the Christological. Discussion of soteriology attempted to explain “why God became man.” Christology was intended to answer the question of “how God became man.” The question of why God became man was answered by the doctrine of original sin and its redemption. The Jewish polemicists employed a wide range of contentions which stressed that this doctrine was not befitting God; they argued that the Christian notion of original sin is inconsistent with God's justice. The Christians argued from a totally different perspective: that God became man was not unbefitting divinity; rather, it was a sign of God's great love for mankind. However, it is concerning the second aspect of incarnation, namely, Christology, that one discerns arguments of a philosophical nature. Three commonly held philosophical suppositions were seen as precluding God's taking on flesh. These were (l) God's incorporeality, (2) His immutability, and (3) His simple unity. In addition, the Jewish polemicists argued that (4) the assumption of a union of Divinity and humanity had certain impossible consequences.

Keywords:   Jewish philosophical arguments, incarnation, Jesus, soteriology, Christology, original sin, redemption, divinity, God, Jewish polemicists

Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.