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Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity in the Middle Ages: With a New Introduction$
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Daniel J. Lasker

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113515

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113515.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Virgin Birth

Virgin Birth

Chapter:
(p.153) Chapter Seven Virgin Birth
Source:
Jewish Philosophical Polemics Against Christianity in the Middle Ages: With a New Introduction
Author(s):

Daniel J. Lasker

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781904113515.003.0007

This chapter explores Jewish philosophical arguments against the Christian doctrine of virgin conception. The Christian dogma of virgin birth teaches that Mary, the mother of Jesus, remained a virgin her entire life, before (ante partum), during (in partu), and after (post partum) the birth of her son. The doctrine was not attacked per se; the possibility that a woman might conceive with her virginity intact, though by means of normal fertilization, is an occurrence which is conceded in the Talmud. Nevertheless, the Jewish polemicists rejected the notion that God could become incarnate by impregnating a virgin and fathering an offspring who was, according to Christian doctrine, God Himself. Hence, the Jewish thinkers rarely offered arguments against the doctrine of Mary's virginity ante partum without reference to incarnation. The denial of incarnation was sufficient justification for rejection of the doctrine of Mary's virgin conception of Jesus. In addition, the Jewish polemicists were cognizant of the fact that the doctrine of virgin birth in partu raised a number of philosophical questions. In their critique of this Christian belief, they argued (1) that the impossibility of the interpenetrability of bodies precluded virgin birth, and (2) that the various images of virgin birth cited by the Christians were not convincing.

Keywords:   Jewish philosophical arguments, Christian doctrine, virgin conception, virgin birth, Mary, Jesus, virginity, Jewish polemicists, incarnation, Christian belief

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