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Jews in Poland and Russia: 1881-1914 v. 2$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113836

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113836.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

The Position of the Jews in the Tsarist Empire, 1881–1905

The Position of the Jews in the Tsarist Empire, 1881–1905

(p.3) One The Position of the Jews in the Tsarist Empire, 1881–1905
(p.iii) The Jews in Poland and Russia

Antony Polonsky

Liverpool University Press

This chapter discusses how the years between 1881 and 1905 saw a significant deterioration in the situation of the Jews in the tsarist empire, who now constituted by far the largest Jewish community in the world. During this period the crisis caused by the deteriorating position of Russian Jewry was the motor that drove world Jewry. The crisis was partly the result of the growing disillusionment of the tsarist government with what it saw as the negative consequences of the ‘integrationist’ policies vis-à-vis the Jews, which it had pursued, particularly during the reign of Alexander II. Its leading bureaucrats, mainly noble in origin, with aristocratic and rural prejudices against Jews, became increasingly subject to an anti-Jewish psychosis, attributing all the ills of the empire to Jewish machinations. More and more they came to see the Jews, rather than the disruptive effects of industrialization and modernization, as the source of their difficulties.

Keywords:   Jews, tsarist empire, Jewish community, Russian Jewry, world Jewry, tsarist government, integrationist policies, anti-Jewish psychosis, industrialization, modernization

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