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Jews in Poland and Russia: 1881-1914 v. 2$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113836

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113836.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Galicia in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century

Galicia in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century

(p.113) Four Galicia in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
Jews in Poland and Russia: 1881-1914 v. 2

Antony Polonsky

Liverpool University Press

This chapter looks at how the politics of Galicia in the second half of the nineteenth century exhibited many specific features which were not to be found in the remaining Polish lands. In the first place, this was the only area of Poland which was governed by Poles. Far-reaching autonomy was conceded to the province in the 1860s, creating a situation in which the area became a haven for Poles unable to express freely their national and political ideas elsewhere in the Polish lands. The failure of the revolution of 1848 was followed by a decade of absolutism and centralized rule from Vienna, but the Austrian defeats of 1859 and 1866 at the hands of Piedmont and Prussia led to the establishment of a constitutional system. As a result, the province of Galicia was now governed by the Polish landowning stratum and its more enlightened representatives, the Stańczycy, or Kraków conservatives.

Keywords:   Galicia, Polish lands, Poland, Poles, autonomy, absolutism, centralized rule, constitutional system, Polish landowners, Kraków conservatives

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