This concluding chapter highlights how the ‘long nineteenth century’ had an extremely disruptive impact on Jewish communal solidarity in the lands of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The principal reason for the fractious character of Jewish life was the increasingly desperate situation of the Jews. Antisemitism became the stock-in-trade of the tsarist authorities, who fastened on imaginary Jewish conspiracies as the explanation for the crises which threatened the empire. In the Kingdom of Poland and in the Prussian partition, Polish political life was now dominated by the Endecja which came increasingly under the sway of obsessive antisemitism. Ideological rifts and an inability to compromise were deeply embedded in the new Jewish politics. This new departure, the politics of ‘peoplehood’, which first emerged in the decade of the 1880s in the tsarist empire, was a response to the perceived failure of the politics of integration. From there it transformed Jewish politics in the Kingdom of Poland and Galicia and gradually the whole of the Jewish world.
Liverpool Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.