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Medieval Jews and the Christian PastJewish Historical Consciousness in Spain and Southern France$
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Ram Ben-Shalom

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113904

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113904.001.0001

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(p.239) Conclusion
Medieval Jews and the Christian Past

Ram Ben-Shalom

, Chaya Naor
Liverpool University Press

This concluding chapter discusses the major insights of the previous chapters to present a multifaceted picture of Jewish perceptions of Christianity during the Middle Ages. The Jews held both positive and negative perceptions of the Spanish kingdom and of Christianity in general. Moreover, attraction to and repulsion from Christian culture played an important role in Jewish historical consciousness. The attraction and repulsion can be explained by the Jews' status during the Middle Ages as a minority in a mainly Christian society. Yet the chapter also reveals that the mechanisms of integration and co-operation functioned in Spain and southern France. It was a situation unique to these countries during the Middle Ages, and led to adoption, acceptance, and approval, which furthered acceptance by the majority.

Keywords:   medieval Jews, Christianity, Spain, southern France, Christian culture, Jewish historical consciousness, Rome, Middle Ages

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