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Collected Essays: v. 2$
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Haym Soloveitchik

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781904113980

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781904113980.001.0001

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Agobard of Lyons, Megillat Aḥima’ats, and the Babylonian Orientation of Early Ashkenaz

Agobard of Lyons, Megillat Aḥima’ats, and the Babylonian Orientation of Early Ashkenaz

Chapter:
(p.5) Chapter One Agobard of Lyons, Megillat Aḥima’ats, and the Babylonian Orientation of Early Ashkenaz
Source:
Collected Essays: v. 2
Author(s):

Haym Soloveitchik

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781904113980.003.0002

This chapter takes a close reading of early reports into preparing meat for Jewish consumption. It focuses on a scathing letter written by Agobard of Lyons, a ninth-century archbishop, to Emperor Louis the Pious in Aachen. Among the charges leveled was that meat that was deemed unclean (immundum) and unfit for Jewish consumption was regularly sold to Christians and called derisively ‘Christian meat’. Agobard had in mind the dietary laws of sheḥitah (ritual slaughter) and terefot (the bodily defects that render the animal, even if correctly slaughtered, not kosher). His detailed description of what the Jews deemed immundum is the earliest report available of sheḥitah and terefot as practiced by the Jews of Europe. In addition to Agobard's letter, the chapter also studies the Megillat Aḥima'ats (Chronicle of Aḥima'ats).

Keywords:   Agobard of Lyons, Megillat Aḥima'ats, Chronicle of Aḥima'ats, sheḥitah, terefot, immundum, ritual slaughter, Early Ashkenaz, Reuven Bonfil

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