This chapter focuses on narrative as the exploration of how a story is structured and organised in order to create meaning and generate a particular response from the audience. It explains how a film can be broken down into specific sections that contain particular events and have particular functions. It also discusses the narrative theory formulated by Tzvetan Todorov in his literary and cultural criticism, which defined three basic stages of a narrative's structure. The chapter describes Pan's Labyrinth's narrative structure that can be read as retrospective due to its opening scene of an image of a dead child. It explains that the retrospective narrative provides a retelling of what brings Ofelia to this tragic position.
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