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Halloween$
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Murray Leeder

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781906733797

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906733797.001.0001

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Halloween: How It Came into the World

Halloween: How It Came into the World

Chapter:
(p.25) Chapter 1: Halloween: How It Came into the World
Source:
(p.3) Devil’s Advocates
Author(s):

Murray Leeder

Murray Leeder

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781906733797.003.0002

This chapter discusses how Halloween (1978) was developed and created. John Carpenter's name appears above the title on Halloween, but the project existed before he came on board. Independent film producer Irwin Yablans rightly claims the mantle of ‘The Man Who Created Halloween’, the title of his 2012 autobiography. The project reached Carpenter with the tentative title The Babysitter Murders before it became Halloween shortly thereafter; but Carpenter is still quick to credit Yablans for conceiving the title and the concept. Yablans' marketing and distribution ingenuity played a large role in securing Halloween's success but it went far beyond anyone's expectations, reportedly making back its original budget sixty-fold in its initial release alone. It seems apparent that Halloween was uniquely positioned to benefit from overlapping currents in the New Hollywood, the American independent cinema, ‘youth cinema’, and the horror film. Halloween was also well positioned to benefit from a new wave of academic interest in the horror film.

Keywords:   Halloween, John Carpenter, Irwin Yablans, New Hollywood, American independent cinema, youth cinema, horror film

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