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Jewish Theology and World Religions$
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Alon Goshen-Gottstein and Eugene Korn

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764098

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764098.001.0001

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Jewish Views of World Religions

Jewish Views of World Religions

Four Models

(p.41) One Jewish Views of World Religions
Jewish Theology and World Religions

Alan Brill

Rori Picker Neiss

Liverpool University Press

This chapter discusses four models that past and present Jewish thinkers have adopted in understanding other religions and urge Jews to hold on to multiple models in tension with each other. Jewish inclusivism affirms the uniqueness of Judaism, but rejects the idea that non-Jews lack religion. Jewish universalists accept a universal truth available to all humanity, beyond revelation but not against it. However, religious universalists remain close to the inclusivists in that everything is grounded in the teachings of Judaism. In contrast, religious pluralism is a modern philosophical approach that accepts that one's religion is not the sole and exclusive source of truth. Jewish pluralists write that God has chosen Jews to walk the way of the Torah, Christians to follow Christ, Hindus to be guided by the Vedas, and Muslims to follow the way shown by the Quran. Finally, for Jewish exclusivists, the sole domain of truth is the Torah and Judaism is the sole path to God; those who are not Jews follow a mistaken path and are at best bystanders in the divine scheme.

Keywords:   Jewish thinkers, Jews, Jewish inclusivism, Judaism, non-Jews, Jewish universalists, universal truth, Jewish pluralists, religious pluralism, Jewish exclusivists

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