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Recovering a VoiceWest European Jewry After the Holocaust$
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David H. Weinberg

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764104

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764104.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Restructuring European Jewish Communities: Hopes and Realities

Restructuring European Jewish Communities: Hopes and Realities

Chapter:
(p.73) Two Restructuring European Jewish Communities: Hopes and Realities
Source:
Recovering a Voice
Author(s):

David H. Weinberg

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781906764104.003.0003

This chapter examines how the initial efforts by both international and local Jewish leaders to strengthen and streamline communal institutions and policies in the first decade and a half after the war became instrumental in ensuring the stability of west European Jewry and in shaping its emerging self-consciousness. With the restructuring of several important aspects of community activity in western Europe, it quickly became apparent that there was a need for long-range planning. New techniques in social work and fundraising meant that community leaders needed a clearer sense of the nature and the needs of their constituents. By the late 1950s, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) was sponsoring conferences to bring together social workers and leaders of Jewish welfare organizations from western and central Europe to discuss common problems and share solutions. In 1960, it helped to establish a permanent Standing Conference on European Jewish Community Services. The restructuring of health care within the French, Belgian, and Dutch communities also eventually led to the integration of Jewish communal service into the national social-welfare network. With the decline in distinct programmes to aid refugees and immigrants and the movement away from dependency upon international Jewish organizations, Jewish agencies in western Europe were beginning to receive government subsidies.

Keywords:   Jewish leaders, Jewish communal service, west European Jewry, social work, fundraising, JDC, Jewish welfare organizations, health care, Jewish agencies, national social-welfare network

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