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Recovering a VoiceWest European Jewry After the Holocaust$
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David H. Weinberg

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764104

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764104.001.0001

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The Challenge of a Jewish State

The Challenge of a Jewish State

(p.135) Three The Challenge of a Jewish State
Recovering a Voice

David H. Weinberg

Liverpool University Press

This chapter investigates the first of three external challenges which defined Jewish life in western Europe in the late 1940s and 1950s. This was the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. For the first time in modern history, Jews could choose whether or not to live in the diaspora. There were hundreds of survivors in Belgium, France, and the Netherlands who were convinced that they had no future in Europe and migrated to Palestine as soon as they could. Those who chose not to were now forced to think more seriously about their decision to remain in western Europe. Zionist stalwarts, in particular, were challenged to reassess their role now that the Jewish state was a reality. What resulted was a transformation in collective and personal behaviour and attitudes that largely strengthened collective Jewish identity and commitment.

Keywords:   Jewish life, western Europe, State of Israel, Jews, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Zionists, Jewish state, collective Jewish identity

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