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Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History$
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Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764395

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764395.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 29 July 2021

The New Jewish Politics 1881–1914

The New Jewish Politics 1881–1914

(p.96) Three The New Jewish Politics 1881–1914
Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History

Antony Polonsky

Liverpool University Press

This chapter investigates how the years between 1881 and 1914 saw major changes in the situation of the Jews in the tsarist empire. Antisemitism became the stock-in-trade of the tsarist authorities, who fastened on imaginary Jewish conspiracies as the explanation for the crises that threatened the empire. In the Kingdom of Poland and in the Prussian partition, Polish political life was now dominated by the Endecja, which came increasingly under the sway of obsessive antisemitism, while the national conflict between Poles and Ukrainians was undermining Jewish support for Polish aristocratic hegemony in Galicia. One consequence of these changes was the increasing strength of the ‘new Jewish politics’. This new departure, the politics of ‘peoplehood’, which first emerged in the decade of the 1880s in the tsarist empire, was a response to the perceived failure of the politics of Jewish integration. The new political climate compelled the exponents of the new Jewish politics to look for allies from the broader political spectrum.

Keywords:   Jews, tsarist empire, antisemitism, Jewish conspiracies, Kingdom of Poland, Polish political life, Endecja, new Jewish politics, Jewish integration

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