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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared$
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François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764715

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Between Poland and Hungary

Between Poland and Hungary

The Process of Jewish Integration from a Comparative Perspective

(p.61) Between Poland and Hungary
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31

Guy Miron

Liverpool University Press

This chapter takes a comparative look at the integration of Jews in Poland and Hungary. The low point to which this process came on the eve of the Nazi occupation of both countries does not necessarily invalidate the hopes expressed at its beginning and during its development. However, the complexity and sensitivity of the issue was evident in both Poland and in Hungary from its inception. The chapter then shows that throughout the modern era the attitude of the local nationalist elites to the Jews in both countries was characterized by tension and sometimes even by a vacillating movement between inclusion and exclusion. The prolonged and confrontational process of emancipation of the Jews should be seen as part of the general process of emancipation which also involved other social groups (burghers, peasants, women, other national minorities). In both cases the question of the emancipation of the Jews was part of a broader struggle over the character of society and of the national movement.

Keywords:   Jewish integration, Poland, Hungary, nationalist elites, Jews, Jewish emancipation, national movement

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