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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared$
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François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764715

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.001.0001

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Gender and Scholarship in the Goldziher Household

Gender and Scholarship in the Goldziher Household

Jewish Men and Women in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Hungarian Academia

(p.179) Gender and Scholarship in the Goldziher Household
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31

Katalin Franciska Rac

Liverpool University Press

This chapter evaluates how the silence of world-renowned orientalist Ignác Goldziher about his daughter-in-law's professional career reflects the conservative Hungarian Jewish establishment's insistence on limiting the women's role to the household. This is rooted in both traditional Jewish views on women's social role and the increasing importance of the housewife in preserving the Jewish consciousness of the family and the home, and providing education to the children befitting the family's class and status. Access to higher education, which played such an important role in Jewish men's integration in Hungary, was not considered necessary for the women's role in advancing Jewish acculturation. In late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Hungary, women's rights to higher education deeply divided public opinion, as did the issue of Jewish participation in Hungarian academia. The disparity between Jewish men and women is clearly illustrated by the fact that Jewish men attended university in Hungary from the eighteenth century, whereas women were allowed to start university studies for the first time only in 1895.

Keywords:   Ignác Goldziher, Hungarian Jewish establishment, Jewish women, Jewish men, Jewish consciousness, higher education, Jewish acculturation, Hungarian academia, Jewish integration, Hungary

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