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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared$
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François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764715

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Integration and its Discontents

Integration and its Discontents

Humorous Magazines and Music Halls as Reflections of the Ambiguous Transformation of Budapest Jews into Magyars of the Jewish Faith

Chapter:
Integration and its Discontents
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31
Author(s):

Mary Gluck

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.003.0012

This chapter addresses how the Jews of Budapest were certainly deeply committed to Magyarization. Hungarian Jews constituted a significant proportion of the middle class carrying out the modernization and industrialization of the country. Yet they were also very well aware of the ambiguous character of their situation. The chapter then examines two pivotal expressions of Budapest Jewish public culture. The first was humour, which found its most important embodiment in the Jewish humorous magazine Borsszem Jankó (Johnny Peppercorn). The second was the music-hall, which created the forms of a commercial entertainment industry that came to define the very nature of modern Budapest at the end of the nineteenth century. Unlike the aura of nostalgia that commonly surrounds the history of Hungarian Jewry under the dual monarchy and which is reflected in the testimonies of the Hungarian Jewish elite, the semi-bohemian journalists, humourists, music-hall composers, and cabaret writers discussed here had a distinctly critical and acerbic view of their society. Indeed, the larger truth about Jewish Budapest is that it lacked a unitary voice.

Keywords:   Budapest Jews, Magyarization, Budapest Jewish public culture, Jewish humorous magazine, Borsszem Jankó, music-hall, Jewish Budapest

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