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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared$
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François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764715

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

The Politics of Exclusion

The Politics of Exclusion

The Turbulent History of Hungarian and Polish Film, 1896—1945

(p.289) The Politics of Exclusion
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31

Susan M. Papp

Liverpool University Press

This chapter presents a comparative examination of the film industries in Hungary and Poland from the invention of the first motion picture cameras in the 1890s up to and including the Second World War, and the important role played in this industry by Jews from both countries. Throughout the period, Hungary had a vibrant film industry, yet, from the end of the First World War, each successive government tried to politicize and shape it. In Poland, government interference was less intrusive until the late 1930s, and Jews continued to play an important role in the film industry until the German invasion in September of 1939. Nevertheless, calls were made to limit the role of Jews. Even though the history of filmmaking in the two countries was very different, there still remain some interesting historical comparisons to be explored. In particular, the chapter examines the Hungarian Theatre and Film Chamber, established in 1938 by the regime of Miklós Horthy in order to limit the number of Jews working in the film business in Hungary.

Keywords:   Hungarian film industry, Polish film industry, motion picture cameras, Second World War, government interference, German invasion, filmmaking, Hungarian Theatre and Film Chamber

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