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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared$
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François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764715

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Placing the Ghetto

Placing the Ghetto

Warsaw and Budapest, 1939–1945

(p.365) Placing the Ghetto
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31

Tim Cole

Liverpool University Press

This chapter identifies the similarities between the ghettos in Warsaw and Budapest. The ghettos developed in very different contexts: Poland was occupied in 1939 and the ghetto in Warsaw sealed in 1940 during the initial occupation when ghettos were established across Nazi-occupied Poland; in contrast, Hungary — a somewhat reluctant wartime ally of Nazi Germany — was occupied in 1944 and the walled Pest ghetto only sealed in the winter of that year after ghettos had been set up across the larger towns and cities in the expanded wartime borders of Hungary. In short, ghettos were established at very different points in the war and the Holocaust. Both historically and historiographically these were very different moments and they were also very different forms of occupation. However, the chapter suggests that there is value in looking at these very different moments of ghetto-building to explore similarities that point to the importance of thinking about the ghettos not only in terms of German–Jewish relations under occupation, but also within broader histories of Jewish and non-Jewish relations in Poland and Hungary. Here the material object of the surviving fragments of ghetto wall behind 62 Złota Street offers a useful frame for the argument.

Keywords:   Warsaw ghettos, Budapest ghettos, Poland, Hungary, Holocaust, ghetto-building, German–Jewish relations

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