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Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31Poland and Hungary: Jewish Realities Compared$
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François Guesnet, Howard Lupovitch, and Antony Polonsky

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781906764715

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Polish and Hungarian Poets on the Holocaust

Polish and Hungarian Poets on the Holocaust

Chapter:
(p.395) Polish and Hungarian Poets on the Holocaust
Source:
Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 31
Author(s):

George Gömöri

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781906764715.003.0020

This chapter highlights Holocaust poetry in Poland and Hungary. The Holocaust was a subject for most Polish poets after the war. Outrage over the mass killings of Polish Jews was voiced by Antoni Słonimski, who spent the war in exile in England and France; the non-Jewish Władysław Broniewski, whose wife Maria died in Auschwitz; and Tadeusz Różewicz, who was a soldier in the Home Army during the German occupation. Meanwhile, the great majority of Hungarian Jews were assimilated and the Holocaust was a greater shock for them than for their Polish counterparts. The losses of Hungarian Jewry in the period 1941 to 1945 included many writers and poets killed in the last months of 1944 or early 1945, among them Miklós Radnóti. Apart from Radnóti at least five other published Hungarian Jewish poets or poets of Jewish extraction lost their lives in the Holocaust. While most Hungarian readers are familiar with Radnóti's life and death, it is a non-Jewish poet whose poems constitute a central part of the Holocaust canon: János Pilinszky. In the early 1960s, the Holocaust re-emerged in the poetry of the next generation.

Keywords:   Holocaust poetry, Poland, Hungary, Polish poets, Hungarian Poets, Polish Jews, Hungarian Jews, Jewish poets

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