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A Scientific Companion to Robert Frost$
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Virginia F. Smith

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781942954484

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781942954484.001.0001

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Mountain Interval

Mountain Interval

(p.45) Chapter Three Mountain Interval
A Scientific Companion to Robert Frost

Virginia F. Smith

Liverpool University Press

In early 1915, the Frost family made a hurried departure from England as the war in Europe escalated. Although they successfully escaped the ravages of World War I, at the time the most mechanized conflict in history, the Frosts returned to a country undergoing its own rapid and irreversible changes at the hands of technology. In the collection Mountain Interval, published in 1916, Frost depicts the violence of technology toward humans in poems such as “Out, Out –“ and “The Vanishing Red,” but most of the violence is reserved for plants and animals, both domestic and wild. He also addresses the role of technology in society, especially the telephone, and starts to move from observational to theoretical descriptions of astronomical objects. This chapter begins with an alternative interpretation of the natural setting in one of Frost’s most popular poems, “The Road Not Taken.”

Keywords:   Robert Frost, Poetry, Technology, Nature, Violence, Science, Astronomy

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