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Gastro-modernismFood, Literature, Culture$
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Derek Gladwin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781942954682

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781942954682.001.0001

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“We were very lonely without those berries”

“We were very lonely without those berries”

Gastronomic Colonialism in Canada’s Indian Residential Schools

(p.153) Chapter Nine “We were very lonely without those berries”

Clint Burnham

Liverpool University Press

In this chapter I enlist accounts of how struggles over food were key to colonial Canadian practices with respect to Indigenous peoples, drawing on historian Ian Mosby’s article on nutrition experiments in the mid twentieth century, and testimony from Survivors of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools. My argument is that these gastronomic practices help us to think through Fredric Jameson’s arguments, in A Singular Modernity, that modernism depends as much upon periodization as on rupture, and that modernism can be conceived of as a post-colonial. Counter-hegemonic narratives from Indigenous artists and writers have figured the gastronomic: from the word escheemau that Cree used to mark the Inuit (then mispronounced into English as “Eskimo”), to the modern Cree word for pizza, pwâkamo-pahkwêsikan (or “throw-up bread”), to oral stories of colonial “pizza tests,” to the artist Lawrence Paul Yuxweluptun’s Haida Hot Dog. My argument will be that these Aboriginal interventions into colonial gastronomy should be thought of as modernist.

Keywords:   Canada’s Indian Residential Schools, Fredric Jameson, post-colonial, survivors, Cree, Inuit

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