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Scholarly Milton$
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Thomas Festa and Kevin J. Donovan

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781942954811

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3828/liverpool/9781942954811.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM LIVERPOOL SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.liverpool.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Liverpool University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in LSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Raphael’s Peroratio in Paradise Lost Balancing Rhetorical Passion in Virgil and Paul

Raphael’s Peroratio in Paradise Lost Balancing Rhetorical Passion in Virgil and Paul

Chapter:
(p.163) Chapter Eight Raphael’s Peroratio in Paradise Lost Balancing Rhetorical Passion in Virgil and Paul
Source:
Scholarly Milton
Author(s):

Joshua R. Held

Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781942954811.003.0009

Quintilian, Aristotle, and Cicero all comment on the peroration as an appropriate place to appeal most strongly to the passions or emotions of an audience. Mercury’s peroration in book 4 of the Aeneid, which chiefly excites the passion of fear, and Paul’s in Ephesians, which chiefly emphasizes fortitude and steadfastness, as well as Paul’s peroration in 1 Corinthians, with its emphasis on love, all serve Milton as models for Raphael’s concluding speech to Adam in book 8. Raphael’s peroration “brings together the wisdom of classical rhetorical scholarship, classical epic, and the Christian scriptures to help Adam maintain the perfect pre-fall balance of ‘passions.’”

Keywords:   Milton, Paradise Lost, Rhetoric, Peroratio, Trivium, Vergil, Paul

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