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Pamela Colman Smith – Artist, Feminist, and Mystic - Liverpool Scholarship Online
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Pamela Colman Smith: Artist, Feminist, and Mystic

Elizabeth Foley O'Connor


Today, Pamela Colman Smith is primarily remembered for designing the storied 1909 tarot deck that served as the model for T. S. Eliot’s Madame Sosostris and “her wicked pack of cards” in The Waste Land. For almost one hundred years it was known as the Rider-Waite deck, named for the mystic A. E. Waite, who is credited with conceiving the deck, and the London publisher, William Rider. This omission perfectly encapsulates Colman Smith’s gendered erasure from the cultural imagination, a type of misogyny that affected many women artists and writers at the turn of the twentieth century but, in her ... More

Keywords: Pamela Colman Smith, tarot, modernism, Anansi, New Woman, Suffrage, Occult, Golden Dawn, feminist

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9781949979398
Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.3828/liverpool/9781949979398.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Elizabeth Foley O'Connor, author
Washington College