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Between Resistance and AdaptationIndigenous Peoples and the Colonisation of the Chocó, 1510–1753$
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Caroline A. Williams

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780853237297

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312670

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Government and Society on the Frontier

Government and Society on the Frontier

(p.152) Chapter Six Government and Society on the Frontier
Between Resistance and Adaptation
Liverpool University Press

By the time the Citará rebellion of 1684–1687 ended, both life and property had been destroyed. Agriculture suffered and famine and disease took over. Half the province's population were dead and many of the survivors, fearful of Spanish retaliation, had gone to ground. Normality returned only after more than a decade, when Indians were finally rounded up and resettled. By the turn of the eighteenth century, prominent slave-owning families from the cities of the gobernación of Popayán were well entrenched in Noanama province, which was an important centre of gold production during the period. This chapter examines how the Chocó was colonised by Spain and considers the impact of eighteenth-century colonisation on the indigenous peoples, as well as their reactions to the new conditions on the frontier. In particular, it discusses the principal characteristics of Spanish society in the Chocó, focusing on the structure and conduct of secular government, and also analyses the administration of Indian doctrinas by the Spanish priests who continued to play a leading role in the conversion of native peoples to the Christianity.

Keywords:   Citará, gobernación, Popayán, Chocó, Spain, indigenous peoples, colonisation, Spanish society, secular government, doctrinas

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