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Between Resistance and AdaptationIndigenous Peoples and the Colonisation of the Chocó, 1510–1753$
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Caroline A. Williams

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780853237297

Published to Liverpool Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.5949/UPO9781846312670

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(p.220) Chapter Eight Conclusion
Between Resistance and Adaptation
Liverpool University Press

This book has documented inter-ethnic relations on a contested colonial frontier, namely, Spanish–Indian interactions in the Chocó. In particular, it has considered Spanish America's approaches in the colonisation of Indians in this gold-producing territory, and how the indigenous peoples from the Citará province attempted to control and direct the nature and extent of contact with the world found outside the Chocó. In order to further clarify the nature of the Indian resistance and adaptation on the Chocó frontier, the book concludes by analysing facets of Indian life that late colonial officials found difficult to incorporate into their own cultural norms. In particular, it examines the remarkable tenacity with which indigenous peoples struggled to preserve their language and religion outside the control and surveillance of the Spaniards. The book also explores how they responded to the potential threat to their ‘purity of blood’ posed by white settlers and black slaves.

Keywords:   Chocó, Spanish America, Indians, colonisation, Citará, resistance, adaptation, language, religion, slaves

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